|Circular cultural tourism||Circular cultural tourism in BeCULTOUR project defines a sustainable and regenerative cultural tourism model that aims to foster sustainable and equitable regional development implementing a “human-centred” circular economy model through the enhancement of abandoned, underused and less-known cultural and natural resources, enhancement of human capital and human rights, reduction of tourism pressure on over-exploited territories, reduction of wastes and natural resources consumption (energy, water, soil, biodiversity), increase of clean energy and green transport means, recycling and reuse of materials and products, and enhancement of locally based food and craft productions – finally empowering local communities, enhancing ecosystems, enhancing local identity, wellbeing, health and cultural diversity, and enhancing local entrepreneurial innovation ecosystems through cultural tourism.|
|( Pilot / Mirror ) Innovation Ecosystem||An innovation ecosystem is an interconnected network of quadruple helix stakeholders, including academia, industry and different levels of the public sector and civil society. This multi-level approach applies a systemic and bottom-up approach to creating research, innovation and knowledge.
Pilot Innovation Ecosystem is the ecosystem of actors active in BeCULTOUR “Pilot” Heritage Sites. It includes local stakeholders in the cultural tourism value chain, as well as residents and visitors of the site.
Mirror Innovation Ecosystem is the ecosystem of actors active in BeCULTOUR “Mirror” Heritage Sites. It includes local stakeholders in the cultural tourism value chain, as well as residents and visitors of the site.
Pilot/Mirror Innovation Ecosystem thus defines the whole ecosystem of actors in a BeCULTOUR pilot / mirror heritage site, including every stakeholder and innovator in the cultural tourism value chain even if not participating directly in project activities.
|( Pilot / Mirror ) Heritage Site (PHS)
|The cultural or natural, tangible or intangible Heritage sites target of BeCULTOUR project, for which Community-led Action Plans will be developed.
‘Pilot Heritage Sites’ refers to the six sites included in the BeCULTOUR project as experimental areas to co-develop innovative solutions for circular cultural tourism.
‘Mirror Heritage Sites’ refers to the twelve sites included in BeCULTOUR project as additional areas in which BeCULTOUR innovative solutions for circular cultural tourism will be possibly transferred and replicated.
|Heritage Innovation Network||The local stakeholders and innovators participating in BeCULTOUR project activities, located in pilot and mirror heritage sites.
The local network of stakeholders from the public, private, academic and civil society sector participating in project activities, contributing to the co-development of BeCULTOUR Community-led Action Plans in Pilot Heritage Sites. These include government agencies, heritage organisations, cultural associations, local businesses that will be directly involved in local Be.CULTOUR activities such as local workshops and international learning labs.
|Community of Practice (CoP)||A group of Local Coordinators of the 6 Heritage Innovation Networks and their Mentors, regularly engaging in co-creative and peer learning activities to advance their Community-Led Action Plans.|
|Community of Interest (CoI)||Representatives of the 12 Mirror Innovation Ecosystems selected to engage in knowledge-sharing activities and exploitation of project results.
All individuals and organisations directly or indirectly participating in Be.CULTROUR project activities.
|Local Coordinator||CoP: The representative of the Heritage Innovation Network, responsible for the implementation of the Be.CULTOUR work plan at local level. Local Coordinators actively participate in the Community of Practice and the Consortium Meetings as project partners.
CoI: The legal entity selected to participate in the Community of Interest in order to contribute to Be.CULTOUR objectives and exploit project results in their regions.
|Mentor||The partner organisation supporting each Local Coordinator in the implementation of BeCULTOUR work plan. Mentors actively participate in the Community of Practice and the Consortium Meetings as project partners and are available for questions and doubts, and to identify solutions in case of any issue in project implementation at local level, reporting relevant information to the WP leaders and Project Coordinator to ensure smooth progress and robust results of project activities.|
|Community-led Action Plans||Integrated, long-term action plans promoting sustainable and circular cultural tourism in the Pilot Heritage Sites.|
|Innovative solutions||Novel products, services and processes that enhance circular cultural tourism in a pilot heritage site, based on human-centred, place-specific and circular principles.|
|Innovation Areas||Thematic areas within the cultural tourism sector, in which innovative solutions will be sought.|
|Hackathon||A 3-day workshop aiming to engage actors of the 6 Pilot Innovation Ecosystems in developing 18 concept solutions.|
|Peer learning scheme||A series of Community Conversations (Online events, Webinars) enabling knowledge exchange between Pilot and Mirror Innovation Ecosystems stakeholders and exploitation of Be.CULTOUR results.|
|European structural and investment fund (ESIF)||ESIF are financial instruments used by Cohesion Policy to finance its interventions. They are used by EU Member States to support development in a comprehensive way by investing in business, research and development, infrastructure, employment and training, agriculture, forestry and fisheries development, with the overall aim of improving the quality of life of EU citizens.
The purpose of all these funds is to invest in job creation and a sustainable and healthy European economy and environment.
The ESIF mainly focus on 5 areas:
Assessment and detailed mapping in the 6 pilot countries and regions.
|Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance
|The Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) is a European Union funding to support candidate countries and potential candidate countries.
The IPA (“IPA I”) is made up of five different components:
The IPA beneficiary countries are divided into two categories:
EU candidate countries (Turkey, Albania, Montenegro, Serbia and the Republic of North Macedonia) are eligible for all five components of IPA;
Assessment at non-EU level and detailed mapping in the 6 pilot countries and regions. Serbia in particular.
|European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) funds||ENP is a foreign relations instrument of the European Union (EU) which seeks to tie those countries to the east and south of the European territory of the EU to the Union to promote prosperity, stability and security at its borders.
At present, 16 partners are addressed by the ENP: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, the Republic of Moldova, Morocco, the occupied Palestinian territory, Syria, Tunisia and Ukraine.
The ENP provides the EU with the means to deepen bilateral relations with these countries. The policy is based upon a mutual commitment to common values: democracy and human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development.
Assessment at non-EU level and detailed mapping in the 6 pilot countries and regions. Moldova in particular
|The Eastern Partnership (EaP)||The Eastern Partnership is a joint policy initiative which aims to deepen and strengthen relations between the European Union (EU), its Member States and its six Eastern neighbours: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, to include deep and comprehensive free trade agreements where possible and visa liberalisation to accompany measures to counter illegal immigration. The EU agreed a number of priorities including the promotion of democracy and good governance, the strengthening of energy security, the promotion of sector reform and environmental protection, the encouragement of people-to-people contacts, support for economic and social development and additional funding for projects to reduce socio-economic imbalances and increase stability.|
|Smart Specialisation Strategies||Conceived within the reformed Cohesion policy of the European Commission, Smart Specialisation is a place-based approach characterised by the identification of strategic areas for intervention based both on the analysis of the strengths and potential of the economy and on an Entrepreneurial Discovery Process (EDP) with wide stakeholder involvement. It is outward-looking and embraces a broad view of innovation including but certainly not limited to technology-driven approaches, supported by effective monitoring mechanisms.
Assessment and detailed mapping in the 6 pilot countries and regions
Smart specialisations will be mapped also for mirror regions.
|Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC)||Cross-Border Cooperation, known as Interreg A, is part of the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI), whose main objective is to support progress towards “an area of shared prosperity and good neighbourliness” between EU Member States and their neighbours. CBC puts the focus on equal cooperation between NUTS III regions from at least two different Member States lying directly on the borders or adjacent to them. It aims to tackle common challenges identified jointly in the border regions and to exploit the untapped growth potential in border areas, while enhancing the cooperation process for the purposes of the overall harmonious development of the Union.
Assessment and detailed mapping in the 6 pilot countries and regions
|Pledge Fund||A Pledge Fund is essentially a non-committed venture capital (VC) fund, or a “fundless” VC firm, that operates as an organisation between a traditional VC firm and a group of individual angels making early stage investments together.|
|Project development assistance (PDA)||Project Development Assistance (PDA) is represented by a financial facility (e.g. grant, loan etc.) to support public and private bodies in developing bankable sustainable projects, focused especially on cultural tourism initiatives, and preparing and mobilise private investments in the sector.|
|Circular financial instrument||A circular financial instrument is based on circular economy finance that is defined as “any type of investment where the investments will be exclusively applied to finance or re-finance, in part or in full, new and /or existing eligible companies or projects in circular economy” (ABN Amro, 2018).|